Anionic Surfactant is based on sulfonates essentially. Anionic surfactants are good detergents with medium to high foaming properties, which are usually safe for human handling with neutral pH range.
Anionic Surfactant ionizes when mixed with water. Anionic Surfactant has a negative charge. Anionic functional groups are present at the head of the Anionic surfactant, such as Sulfate, Sulfonate, Phosphate and Carboxylates. Prominent alkyl sulfates include sodium lauryl sulfate (SDS, sodium dodecyl sulfate, another name for the compound), ammonium lauryl sulfate, and the related alkyl-ether sulfates sodium laureth sulfate, also known as sodium lauryl ether sulfate (SLES) and Sodium myreth sulphate.