Super Absorbent polymers(SAP), also known as water absorbent polymer, exhibits as polyacrylate based polymers that is characterized with the capacity of absorbing upto 800 times of DM water of its own weight. The ability of the Super Absorbent Polymer to absorb water is dependent on the ionic concentration of the aqueous solution.
SAP can be used in various applications where water absorption is required such as in baby diapers, adult protective underwear and sanitary napkins, composites and laminates, candles, diapers and incontinence garments, insecticides and herbicides, Fire-retardant gel, Hot & cold therapy pack, Water retention for supplying water to plants, Artificial Snow etc.
The total capacity of absorbence and capacity of swelling are maintained by the type and degree of cross-linkers which are formulated into the gel. SAP has a softer and sticker gel formulation. It is also used for blocking water penetration in underground power or communications cable, control of spill and waste aqueous fluid, horticultural water retention agents, and artificial snow for motion picture and stage production.